Can My Self-Directed IRA Loan Money to My LLC?
The IRS defines disqualified individuals as yourself, your spouse, lineal ascendants and descendants, parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren and entities they control – as well as entities they may control. Lending to any of these individuals constitutes prohibited transactions.
Alternative investments can be risky and it is crucial that investors independently verify information such as prices and asset values in account statements.
What is a Self-Directed IRA?
Self-Directed IRAs allow investors to explore alternative retirement investments such as real estate, precious metals and private equity that require special exchanges – which require extra steps for set up as well as possible additional fees.
Numerous IRA investors prefer using a Single-Member LLC for real estate, private equity and other alternative asset investments. Not only does an LLC allow an investor to comply with prohibited transaction rules (investing with property owned by someone disqualified) and protect assets – it can even offer liability protection as it will remain responsible rather than the IRA owner in case any debts or judgments come against it!
LLCs can also be utilized as vehicles to manage IRA-owned rentals, helping you avoid breaking the IRS’ rental disqualified transaction rule, which mandates 10 years before withdrawing profits from investments. You should still consult with a financial advisor prior to undertaking this type of transaction, especially if using loan from your IRA to acquire property; they will advise on the proper structure for your transaction as well as review any paperwork before sending to the custodian.
Can I Lend Money to My LLC?
Real estate-investors who utilize Self-Directed IRAs often rely on LLC structures to allow for checkbook control, providing greater asset protection. Furthermore, this approach may simplify recordkeeping and filing requirements by consolidating all their investments under one entity and reduce annual account maintenance fees.
However, it’s essential to remember that if lending from your Self-Directed IRA to an LLC requires adhering to certain IRS rules to maintain its limited liability aspect. In particular, no funds should be commingled with disqualified people such as yourself or any family members, business partners or employees as this would violate prohibited transaction rules and should be avoided at all costs.
Additionally, an IRA/LLC should be established and managed according to federal tax law. For instance, an IRA cannot own more than 50% of an LLC or be listed as its manager – such a move could violate prohibited transaction rules and destroy its tax-advantaged status.
Another risk associated with investing via an IRA/LLC involves financing it with debt, as this increases the possibility that the IRS will impose Unrelated Business Income Tax (UBIT). As it views passive income sources such as loans as sources of passive income.
Can I Lend Money to My LLC with a Self-Directed IRA?
Although the IRS does not prohibit IRAs from lending money, certain investments such as promissory notes, mortgages or deeds of trust must meet specific criteria before your SDIRA can invest.
Your IRA cannot lend money to disqualified people, such as your spouse and children. Furthermore, it cannot purchase real estate from them or rent property to them and using retirement funds for collectibles or life insurance is strictly forbidden (though there may be exceptions from the IRS).
Your personal assets cannot be mixed in with an IRA’s assets, as doing so violates its tax-advantaged status. As a manager of an LLC, using an IRA fund for yourself or any expenses or loans won’t qualify.
Many investors avoid this problem by creating an IRA/LLC structure to invest in real estate or alternative investments, giving the IRA owner signing authority for contracts, access to an LLC business checking account and other conveniences that make managing investments simpler. This strategy is especially popular when investing in real estate as this requires the creation of an Employer Identification Number (EIN) and filing articles of organization with your state secretary of state.