Can You Buy Bitcoin With a Roth IRA?

Investment of bitcoin with your Roth IRA requires more research and due diligence than investing in traditional retirement accounts, as it’s considered high-risk investment that shouldn’t comprise more than a small portion of your overall portfolio.

To be eligible to contribute to an IRA, your earned income must come from sources such as salary, hourly wages, bonuses, tips or self-employment earnings. Other sources such as investment dividends, interest or rental income do not qualify.


Although cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin have proven their worth as investments over the years, they’re still unproven and speculative assets that should be avoided as part of your retirement savings account. Instead, consider stocks or mutual funds for maximum safety.

Your contribution amount to a Roth IRA depends on your income and tax filing status. The IRS updates contribution limits annually; exceeding them could result in taxes when withdrawing the money.

No matter if you invest in a traditional or Roth IRA, fees that could reduce returns over time should always be a concern. A financial advisor or robo-advisor can help select and manage investments while keeping costs to a minimum.

NerdWallet’s rating system for online brokers and robo-advisors considers 15 factors when ranking them, such as fees and minimums, investment options, customer support services, mobile app capabilities and mobile compatibility. Try NerdWallet’s free service now to be connected to an advisor from among vetted fiduciaries in our network!


Roth IRAs offer individuals who anticipate being in lower tax brackets during retirement the freedom from mandatory distributions at age 70 1/2, something traditional IRAs cannot. This feature can be particularly advantageous.

Contributing to a Roth requires paying taxes upfront on what you put into it, but any returns it earns over time are tax-free and withdrawal of funds in retirement can occur tax-free.

Diversifying investments across different types of assets can reduce unsystematic risks by spreading your investments over multiple areas.

If you are a high earner, funding your Roth through payroll deduction can be challenging. One solution to overcome this obstacle is using backdoor Roth strategies; however, these may incur taxes and aren’t always the best choice.


IRS rules permit Roth IRA holders to invest in crypto, but this doesn’t apply across all custodians. Vanguard, Charles Schwab, TD Ameritrade are not willing to allow cryptocurrency investments. There are some firms such as TradeStation and Robinhood who do allow this practice though; these firms specialize in this niche investment niche rather than offering you stocks, funds and ETFs like traditional investment firms do.

When selecting a custodian, take into account their account types and exchanges available, along with fees. Overtime these costs could impact your investment returns negatively and need to be kept under consideration when assessing fees for account management services. It is also crucial that they can identify and prevent investment bubbles as otherwise your IRA could experience substantial losses as market prices adjust for overvalued stocks – however most custodians possess expertise in preventing this scenario and can assist with retirement planning as well.


Roth IRAs provide you with the ability to select your investments without incurring tax consequences, provided the account meets the five-year rule and you are at least 59 1/2. However, keep in mind that investments do carry risks including the possibility of loss.

Custodians for Individual Retirement Accounts, or IRAs, must ensure your investments meet IRS guidelines. Custodians may include banks, insurance companies, mutual fund companies or brokerage firms – though many investors opt for brokerage firms because of the variety of mutual fund and ETF products offered.

Importantly, it’s also vitally important that you remember not to use your IRA funds as collateral for loans or engage in margin trading with it – as doing so could incur substantial fines and could see its value diminish due to market fluctuations.

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