Are Self Directed IRAs Going Away?
Self-directed IRAs allow investors to take advantage of alternative assets such as real estate, promissory notes and private equity with greater ease; however, these plans come with additional responsibilities and risks which must be understood by both the investors themselves as well as their advisors.
IRS rules specify exactly what can and cannot be done with an IRA-owned investment (such as purchasing real estate that you live in or borrowing against it). Violating them could result in severe tax penalties.
They aren’t going away
Self-directed IRAs give investors greater flexibility by giving them access to alternative assets like real estate and livestock investments, promissory notes, tax lien certificates and more.
Asset allocation strategies provide opportunities to invest in private companies and non-traditional assets with higher potential returns than what can be found in traditional stocks and bonds. For investors concerned with market volatility, diversifying into alternative investments such as these may provide them with some relief by helping stabilize their portfolios.
But this increased freedom comes with greater scrutiny from the IRS than traditional retirement accounts, so it is vital that you understand and work closely with your custodian to comply with their regulations to avoid incurring fines or losing retirement funds due to noncompliance with them.
They aren’t for everyone
Self-directed IRAs allow you to invest your retirement funds in nontraditional assets that aren’t usually found in traditional investment vehicles, including real estate, precious metals and tax lien certificates.
Self-directed investments carry additional risks compared with their traditional counterparts, with criminals frequently targeting self-directed IRAs for fraudulent investment sales. Watch for red flags such as new investment companies claiming unreasonably high returns or an absence of third-party oversight as warning signals.
Another key consideration in selecting an SDIRA is how much effort will go into managing it. If you don’t feel confident managing these tasks, more traditional retirement investments such as stocks and bonds may be better suited. Also be ready for additional hassle such as delays when purchasing and selling investments – something which may become particularly challenging if your job changes frequently.
They aren’t easy
Self-directed IRAs may provide greater investment flexibility than traditional brokerage accounts, but they’re not without their challenges. The IRS imposes stringent rules regarding what can and cannot be done with these accounts, and any violations could incur hefty tax bills as well as diminish future retirement savings benefits.
Self-directed IRAs may allow investors to invest in tangible alternative assets like real estate or precious metals, but the IRS prohibits their use for personal gain. If, for instance, you purchase a beach house within your SDIRA and then use it yourself, any rental income generated would be taxed at ordinary income rates.
Additionally, the values of investments purchased with self-directed IRAs can be hard to verify. According to the Securities and Exchange Commission, criminals often target those investing using these accounts in order to sell them fraudulent investments – signs including brand new investment companies with unrealistically high return claims as well as no third-party verification of prices and asset valuations in account statements as red flags for potential scammers.
They aren’t risk-free
Self-directed IRAs may offer greater investment freedom, but with it comes additional responsibilities. There are IRS regulations (such as prohibited transactions) which must be strictly observed to avoid severe tax penalties at tax time.
Example: Your SDIRA shouldn’t be used for personal purposes such as vacation homes. Also, no services such as fixing toilets should be rendered by yourself without first consulting with an advisor first. These rules can easily be breached; that’s why it’s crucial that any major decisions be reviewed with a financial professional first.
Fraud risk exists in any self-directed IRA, with red flags such as brand new investments with no track record, unreasonably high returns claimed and no third-party oversight or audits being in place to spot potential scams.